WW2 – OverSimplified (Part 2)

this video was made possible by Skillshare an online learning community stick around until the end of the video to learn how you can get an exclusive deal just for oversimplified viewers so what else is happening well when I said britain was all alone that wasn’t entirely true many Commonwealth nations and other allied colonies had joined the war in Britain support they would play a key role throughout the war particularly in the African and Italian campaigns on the axis side Germany Italy and Japan signed a defensive tripartite pact bringing their military lines even closer together the soviet union’s war against finland should have been an easy victory but it became a humiliating struggle and their military ineptitude was put on full display in the end they did force the Finns to sue for peace then they continued their honorable campaign of pushing around much smaller countries by annexing the baltic states and part of northern Romania france’s colonies in Equatorial Africa were like heck no we aren’t going to join the Germans and they all pledged their allegiance to free France except for Gabon which had to be taken by military force the Allies also tried to capture the strategic port of the car but that ended in failure Mussolini had seen Hitler’s successes and he thought now it was Italy’s time to shine so he tried to take British Somaliland and that went pretty well then he tried to take Egypt and that went less well then he tried to take Greece and that went really badly Churchill began referring to Italy as Europe’s soft underbelly he began favoring a military campaign from the south and started sending British troops to Greece all of this had Hitler pretty concerned and he moved to protect his southern flank he had been getting friendly with hungry and twisted the arm into signing the tripartite pact and joining the Axis powers Romania was also eager to join for protection against the Soviet Union the tripartite pact was designed to prevent any other countries from deciding to join the Allies specifically Britain’s old ally the pesky United States of America when war first broke out American public opinion was strongly against joining in in 1940 there was an election the Republican candidate said I will not send any young Americans to die in Europe and sitting president Franklin D Roosevelt said I will also not send any young Americans to die in Europe unless I have to then I might and Roosevelt won Churchill asked him to join the war Roosevelt said no can do Winston but you know what here have some weapons America began supplying the Allies with food and munitions but there was one problem German u-boats were sinking thousands of Allied supply ships in the Atlantic including American ones if the Germans could sever Britain’s supply line the UK would starve throughout the war the Allies had to come up with better technology to fight the u-boats improved radar aircraft with longer range better weaponry and convoy tactics at one point a man even called a meeting and said pykrete it takes him would you take some ice you put them together you get pykrete and then he pulled out a gun and shot some wooden it shattered and then he shot some pykrete and the bullet ricocheted off that hit someone else in the conference room then they tried to make a pykrete aircraft carrier but that idea was scrapped because that’s a really dumb idea in the end Alan Turing and his team of code breakers cracked Germany’s Enigma code and the u-boats gradually became less and less of a threat back in Africa Britain decided to push Italy out of Egypt hey that was pretty easy so they kept going Hitler realized he was going to have to finally step in and do something he went to Bulgaria Yugoslavia and said hey I’m gonna move troops through you to get to Greece so either join us or you know be invaded Bulgaria opted to join them Yuka Slavia opted to be invaded then Greece finally fell to the joint German Italian invasion the British had moved troops from North Africa to fight in Greece which helped Rommel and his tank divisions push the British back to Egypt and they could have kept going but a small mostly Australian force held out under siege for eight months into birth denying the Germans a strategic port city and disrupting their supply line despite having some success in the Middle East the British didn’t seem like any real threat for now Hey Soviet Union look out with three million troops Hitler launched the largest ground invasion in history and Stalin was far from ready both Churchill and Roosevelt had warned him of an impending attack but he dug his head in the sand and the Soviets didn’t stand a chance Germany made staggering progress with huge encircling movements capturing mind-boggling numbers of Russian troops a quarter million a paella stock Minsk 300,000 at Smolensk nearly 700,000 at Kiev and again at V asthma and brines Leningrad was put under a siege that would last and insufferable for years the invasion of Russia had been Hitler’s main ideological goal from the beginning and is hatred for the ethnic people’s there was now unleashed in all its fury the Eastern Front of the Second World War was brutal for all that endured it the Germans were now inside of Moscow and that’s it it’s all over but then it happened it got cold stupid cold Hitler had hoped the Soviets would give up before winter but they kept fighting his commanders came to him and said can we please dig in for the winter and wait until spring no keep going but oil is literally freezing inside our vehicles that’s fine keep going we’re having to leave the corpses of our frozen horses by the side of the road so we can still find a way in the snowdrift perfectly normal keep going Hitler hadn’t given his millions of men winter clothing and supplies because he thought he really should have won by now then Stalin called in troops from the Siberian front specially trained to fight in the extreme cold and the Germans were no match they were now being pushed back they had no choice but to dig in and wait for winter to end Germany’s victories were staggering and Japan was eager not to miss the victory bus their war in China had come to a standstill but they wanted to keep expending the sphere of influence and getting the sweet sweet raw materials they began making plans to expand southwards but there was a problem Southeast Asia was heavily colonized by America and Great Britain it was also full of potion ocean mint naval combat and there was no way the Japanese Navy could stand up to the US and the UK so they thought wouldn’t it be nice if we could destroy their navies before we begin our conquest and so it was on December 7 1941 the Japanese launched a surprise air raid on the US Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor and inflicted a huge amount of damage they also attacked British colonies in Southeast Asia Roosevelt had no choice but to declare war on Japan and so did Churchill Hitler then declared war on America even though he totally didn’t have to the attack on Pearl Harbor seemed like a big Japanese victory but they didn’t attack any of the naval or Perry fuel storage tanks or the submarine base meaning the Pacific Fleet would be up and running again pretty soon in the meantime though the Japanese were able to begin their conquest they took Guam the Gilbert Islands Wake Island Hong Kong in the Philippines be forced Thailand to join them so they can March their troops through to Malaya they swept through Singapore North Borneo the East Indies New Guinea the Solomons and they were now threatening northern Australia and the borders of India Japan’s victory had been as staggering as the Germans and re-enforced the Japanese idea that this was a divine war which they were destined to win but their victories had been based on speed not power and power would eventually catch up with them for now though in all occupied nations the people suffered persecution forced labor harsh punishments for any who spoke out against their occupiers in Europe the Nazis were rounding up ethnic minorities and other unwanted groups and individuals in particular millions of Jewish people would suffer through the terrible events of the Holocaust brave resistance movements rose up in defiance of their invaders well the people held out for hope and hope was coming winter was over and Hitler could continue his push eastward but this time he switched off his strategy he wanted to focus on the south his plan was to cut off the Russian armies in the Caucasus an area full of oil and then invade the Caucasus and take all the oil his forces moved across the north with ease and Hillier got cocky he rerouted the fourth Panzer army south early leaving the 6th army to complete the encircling movement alone to do so the sickle army had to reach and take the key Soviet city of Stalingrad the Russians defended it fiercely and Stalingrad saw some of the harshest fighting of the entire war the Soviets held up the German advance for five months as they battled in the war-torn city which bought them valuable time when the Germans had first launched their invasion a year earlier the Soviets had moved their factories to the east those factories had been building a but ton of tanks and aircrafts and getting the Soviet army to scratch now it was ready Stalin gathered his new and improved forces around the city and in an attack that resembled Hitler’s own encirclement tactics they began surrounding the 6th army Hitler’s commanders came to him and said hey maybe we should retreat but Hitler said no no you stay the entire stick the army was trapped and had to surrender with complete air superiority the Soviets started pushing westward for Stalin it was a resounding victory for Hitler and absolute catastrophe things also weren’t looking too good for Hitler elsewhere with America now and the war allied bombing over German cities reached devastating levels in Africa the British had pushed Rommel back again then they were pushed back again and finally after a decisive battle at El Alamein and with American and British troops arriving in the West the Germans and Italians were squeezed out of Africa Japan was also already seeing its rapid success being turned around they attempted to take the island of Midway but the US Navy was ready for the attack and they sank Japan’s carrier actually they sent a lot of them it was a battle from which the Japanese Navy would never recover British Indian and Chinese troops held the line in the harsh jungle terrain of Burma and the Japanese suffered losses in the Solomon Islands and New Guinea they began to realize they were not invincible with the axis Out of Africa the Allies had to decide their next move Churchill still wanted to attack from the south while the Americans prefer to fool sea invasion in northern France all right said the Americans will do it your way Allied forces successfully landed in Sicily and began moving north they also carried out bombing raids over Rome the thing was many of the people in Sicily had relatives living in America and they greeted the American troops quite warmly with the war reaching home territory most Italians just weren’t that into it and Mussolini was suddenly very unpopular he was voted out by his own fascist grand council and was toppled from power Italy immediately began negotiations for surrender Hitler wasn’t surprised and had already sent reinforcements southward in an operation he ironically called Operation access German troops quickly disarmed Italian troops in the north the Allies continued fighting the Germans up through Italy but then winter set in meaning mud and everything slowed to a halt all right said the Americans let’s do it our way as well Germany had made itself a lot of enemies and millions of Allied troops had been gathering in England as factories worked around the clock producing the war materiel needed for a super crazy massive the likes of which the world has never seen before invasion of Europe the Germans knew in allied invasion would come but they didn’t know where it would land thanks to Allied deception tactics they thought there was a pretty good chance it would come a Calais but the Allies were really gonna land in Normandy because I was less fortified and the beaches were nicer under the careful planning of General Dwight Eisenhower the invasion that had been long in the making was just about ready to go just one thing was preventing the launch the British weather while everyone sat around waiting for a decent day and then it came on the night of June 5th over a thousand bombers took off the rated coastline defenses while paratroopers were dropped inland in a bit of a chaotic operation tasked with sabotaging defenses and capturing key bridges to stop any German reinforcements from reaching the beaches early the next morning the barrage came as Allied ships fired a huge number of shells at the German fortifications and then the landings the Americans at Utah and Omaha the British had golden sword and the Canadians at Juno it was a tremendous struggle with a great loss of life particularly at Omaha but the Allied troops captured the beaches and the landings were success then they began their movements inland they took the port of Sher Berg and the city of Qom the Americans move south to capture Brittany then in a massive disaster for the Germans British and Canadian troops from the north and Americans from the south trapped a German Seventh Army in a near wipeout encircling movement in August Allied troops landed in the South of France too little resistance on one beach all they found was a French man handing out champagne Paris was liberated and the Germans were pushed out of France as the Allies entered Belgium in the Far East the ally started to push the Japanese out of Burma as the Americans launched a two-pronged offensive in the Pacific in the south General MacArthur led the push to liberate the Philippines while General Nimitz oversaw the brutal island-hopping campaign American forces had to make hard-fought landing after a hard-fought landing on fiercely defended small islands as they moved steadily towards the Japanese mainland the Japanese belief that the greatest thing a person could do was to die in battle and the most dishonorable act was to surrender as a result they fought ferociously to the very end and the closer the Americans got to the mainland the more ferocious the resistance became in February 1945 the Americans captured the island of Iwo Jima and an intense fire bombing campaign of Japan’s wooden cities began the ally suffered some setbacks trying to liberate the Netherlands but they were making progress and were now threatening the industrial heartland of Germany Hitler’s health both mentally and physically was rapidly deteriorating things were looking bad and he was desperate he said we need to turn this thing around and I’ve just the trick remember a few years back when we blitzkrieg through the our den and trapped the Allied forces in Belgium well I’m gonna do the exact same thing again he gathered his forces and tried to pound them through the our den he used up the remainder of Germany’s strength and resources and he managed to create quite a nice bulge he also trapped some American forces in the Belgian town of Bastogne the Germans sent the trapped Americans a message saying surrender or be annihilated when it was read out commanding officer he said they wanted surrender no sir they want us to surrender nuts and that’s what they sent off as their official reply General Patton’s Third Army then managed to break the seats from the Southwest and the Germans were pushed back Hitler’s last-ditch attempt had failed of what followed was a total collapse of the German forces the Allies pushed into Germany from both sides the Soviet Union took Warsaw and kept pushing to Berlin in his bunker Hitler realized all hope was lost Berlin fell and with it Hitler’s dreams of a great German Empire two of the Axis nations had been knocked out one to go the Americans began their assault on Okinawa the last island before they would reach the Japanese mainland the desperate Japanese fought hard launching kamikaze attacks on the US ships the citizens of Okinawa suffered through the terrible fighting but in two months the island was captured the Allies now had to make a choice either continued the devastating struggle up the Japanese mainland or they could try to coerce the Japanese into surrendering now in July the first successful atomic bomb test took place in New Mexico and the destructive weapon was ready for use America and the UK were also seeing the Soviet Union not so much liberating as occupying its captured territories and so they wanted to put on a show of force on August 6th the a bomb fell on Russia then on the 9th Nagasaki the cities were reduced to rubble and for the people living there it was a terrible fate but for the Allies it achieved their main aim in September the Emperor announced Japan’s surrender saying the war situation has developed not necessarily to Japan’s advantage after six years war was finally over the Allies occupied Japan for eight years the Emperor was allowed to keep his position but General MacArthur made sure this picture was printed in the Japanese press to display to the Japanese people that their emperor was not the divine powerful being they had believed Germany was divided between America the UK France and the Soviet Union in 1949 the Allied sectors were united into West Germany the Second World War had been more terrible and destructive than the first in its aftermath two major superpowers with two very different ideologies had come out victorious and the tension between the two of them would create a new kind of war a very very cold one Wow Churchill that looks just like me and your app is doing really well in this case idea you made is to die for her to learn to do all this stuff I use the link in the description to get two months of Skillshare for just 99 cents Wow tell me more okay skill share is an online learning community with more than 19,000 classes in design business technology and more Premium Membership gives you unlimited access to high-quality classes taught by genuine experts working in their field so you can improve your skills unlock new opportunities and do the work you love if you want to learn how to create games you can check out the courses on using unity or creating vector art there are courses for software development music production arts and crafts or if you want to learn how to animate like I do you can find loads of courses for beginning animation and Skillshare won’t take a heavy toll on your wallet compared to other learning platforms with an annual subscription being under $10 a month if you’d like to give it a try first then i’ve got a deal just for oversimplified viewers the first 1,000 people to use this link which can also be 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Video source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fo2Rb9h788s

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