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The Biggest Science Of The DECADE (2010-2019)

we made it through the 2010 the all’s what do you mean like made it through like we survived we still had the decade its unless an asteroid hits in 2019 December 31st unless just hope that would be a pretty big science headline if we survive which is what we’re gonna go through today so what we went through is each year and we decided the biggest science news of that year going from 2000 intend to this year 2019 it was a challenge we told her something you know what we gonna pick one in each year so you might disagree so bad I think we were crazy yeah they’re they’re exciting and they will absolutely define the future in the next decade so Mitch what is your highlight of the last exit do you have everyone’s gonna be asking you this come New Year’s Eves if I got an answer ooh this is good ten yeah uh well mine was making this channel in sharing all the science information about you my friend actually I don’t know what yours is if I’m being honest that obviously the last decade of my life has been primarily a sub science and just before that would have been graduating from our science degree and you being a science teacher me working in a lab so a lot of it really circulates around science and then sharing that with people so it’s kind of a nice wrap up to do this wrap so you just stole my well do mine you all watched on a pen shall we just jump into it 2010 this was the year that Instagram was released the iPad was also released Lady Gaga wore her meat dress and One Direction was just formed on the x-factor but it was also the year that scientists in a South African cave discovered two million year old fossils of a new species called Australopithecus sediba that are potentially the direct ancestors to humans this species has some features that are incredibly similar to humans like their teeth their nose their long arms while others are more similar to a primitive past like flexible feet and this new species Australopithecus sediba is potentially a link between Lucy and Homo sapiens it’s 2011 and we have beyonce announcing that she’s pregnant in a mic drop moment and bridesmaids is a huge success of here like me you have melissa mccarthy pooping into a sink into your mind and the end of the year came with the confirmation of an earth-like planet called kepler-22b this is a contender for having a life on it because it’s been in the Goldilocks zone around a star the planet is 2.4 times bigger than Earth and one year there would be two hundred and ninety days it’s actually six hundred light years away that means it would take 600 years for light to get there from Earth so unless we’re like zooming anytime soon this planet is just going to be up to our imaginations to picture and for me I picture really good looking mermaids and mermen 2012 the year the world was supposed to end but didn’t but it was also the end of a five decade long search for an elementary particle called the Higgs boson so in 1964 Peter Higgs and five other scientists proposed the Higgs mechanism which was to help explain why particles have mass in the first place and implied the existence of the Higgs boson but it wasn’t until 2012 when the Large Hadron Collider which is the world’s largest high-energy particle collider was able to prove its existence this particle gives mass to all other subatomic elements like protons and electrons and was the final piece to the standard model the standard model is a theory of fundamental particles and how they react and this discovery was considered the biggest in a generation it is now 2013 if you’re like me you were scarred by the red wedding and Game of Thrones we also have the intellectual brilliant song what did the Fox said the most important scientific story of that year for the first time in human history our atmosphere had reached 400 parts per million of carbon dioxide in the 1700s before the Industrial Revolution we were at 280 parts per million of co2 in 1958 when this Observatory first started to record how much co2 is in the atmosphere we were at 315 parts per million by studying air trapped in Antarctic ice cores we know for a fact this is the first time we have had this much carbon dioxide in our atmosphere in at least 800,000 years but since 2013 we have been increasing the amount of carbon dioxide that we are producing as humans so this year that same Observatory found that in May there was four hundred and fourteen point seven parts per million of co2 in our atmosphere this year 2014 we had the ice bucket challenge adel azim flappy bird exploded and everyone was playing it and for the first time in human history we landed a probe on a comet the Rosetta spacecraft was actually launched in 2004 and after a series of flybys using Earth and Mars to gravity assist it out into space it finally came across 67 P which is a common eventually it’s sent a probe down to try and land on its surface but what ended up happening was that its thrusters and harpoons that were meant to help it actually land didn’t work and as a result this probe started bouncing on the comet uncontrollably by the time it landed it was actually in the wrong position and so it’s solar panels were not efficiently geared towards the sunlight this man only had three days before it would die we did still manage to collect some data luckily so not only did we get the first ever photos from the surface of a comet but analyzing the water on the comet showed scientists that it was a different chemical makeup than our home and also suggested ultimately that Earth’s water didn’t come from a kind 2015 we have the dress debate which is one of our most popular airs on science videos go check it out here we have netflix and chill’ over you dirty dirty kids and of course the most important story of the year pizza rack but this is also the year that we have clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats becoming a household name I notice crisper but you an intellectual know it more accurately as crisper cos 9 this is the system that can cut and paste DNA delete DNA put your thing down flip it and reverse DNA and essentially 2015 is the year that we as humans all began to live in a world with effective genetic engineering 2016 was the year of stranger things Hamilton the musical exploded in popularity and Pokemon go got everyone outside now imagine this far far away there’s two black holes that eventually come within close enough proximity that their gravity starts pulling them towards each other and they start spiraling and spiraling until eventually they crash into each other ultimately changing the fabric of space and time that’s what happened in 2016 when the LIGO Observatory detected gravitational waves for the first time ever amazingly enough a hundred years before that Einstein actually predicted when objects with enough mass accelerate they create waves like ripples on a pond but in space these gravitational waves actually allow us to hear or see the universe in a like never before and also get an unprecedented look at how gravity works his 2017 and we have very important things like the women’s March that out comes out amazing movie and also other important things like fidget spinners August 21st 2017 was the day of the Great American solar eclipse for us in North America it was a very big day a really interesting time that astronomy and public discourse and pop culture came together and one study found that 88% of Americans spent a portion of their day at least looking at the eclipses in real life or on their computers as for scientists it was an amazing opportunity for them to study the sun’s inner atmosphere which is a lot easier to do during an eclipse the next Eclipse is actually gonna happen in America in 2024 so that will be a big headline for that year but if you are in parts of Chile in Argentina it’s actually gonna happen again next December 2018 we had Beyonce’s Coachella we had a royal wedding and we had Ariana Grande and Pete what’s-his-name Pete Davidson got engaged and disengaged but advances in gene editing also allowed same-sex mice to give birth so scientists used CRISPR to modify the embryonic stem cells of one female and then took the egg of an unmodified female and these pups were born healthy and ultimately were able to reproduce themselves as well but things were a little trickier for the male subjects because they took the sperm of one male and then the embryonic stem cells that were genetically modified of another male and put them in a female egg that had had the nucleus removed but unfortunately even though it was successful these pups died shortly after birth and while I find this kind of science so fascinating and interesting it obviously brings up a lot of ethical and moral concerns not only around the safety and health of those offspring but just around genetic manipulation in general 2019 I don’t know if I need to give you pop-culture references because hopefully you remember them but I don’t know in general like Liz Oh Billie Eilish on April 10th of this year you should know what happened okay I’m gonna let you fill it in what happened you’re right and researchers unveiled the first-ever visual depiction of a black hole which is 55 million in light years away that is an unfathomable distance oh my gosh are we alone in the universe two billion people worldwide saw this image it involved linking data streams and information from eight different earth-based radio telescopes and was an amazing moment when borders fell and a bunch of different countries work together to get information about something far off in the distance and as a disk of conglomerating matter falls into the black hole it heats up to astounding temperatures these enormous temperatures release light and some of that light is trapped and falls in some of it isn’t trapped and that’s the actual light that we would see as that silhouette as the event horizon in that famous black hole image the image also confirmed predictions made on the basis of Einstein’s theory of relativity so if anyone asks you who’s your favorite influencer babe make sure you answer Einstein going into the next decade what do you do you have any predictions for the science of the 20s Oh climate change is probably going to get worse so we are hopefully going to work better on fixing that I think that we’ll see a lot of progression in the world of crisper and gene-editing we as humans have to address what it means ethically morally for people to be able to modify genes in humans and we didn’t include when that Chinese scientist went rogue and I’m sure there’s a lot of other science you guys are screaming through the camera saying you didn’t include it was right there in the comment yeah I honestly want to hear what your favorite things were do you think that we’re gonna be doing this at the end of 2020 well I’ll be old running around yeah I think there are science communicators who do it their entire lives I hope to I think like being interested in science whether you’re someone watching at home or whether you’re somebody who wants to be doing it actively is always a noble cause and exciting that but maybe we’re not gonna be sitting in front of like an archaic camera and a microphone we’re gonna be like their people are gonna have my firts you’re getting plants in their backs of their eyes and they’re gonna be sitting there like this and we’re gonna be in peering like Hello the 20’s are over now welcome to the 30 room and I’m gonna be dating a robot our kids gonna be dating an algorithm and you’re I’m just gonna be a digital memory I will have like passed away but we’ll have captured my brain and put it into like some circuitry neural systems I never any my Craig’s crazy just don’t think that he’s dating mitch mitch is dead well thank you for watching thank you for being on this channel for almost a decade I could subscribe oh my god coming in at the end for the get why like and subscribe angels to start with I I don’t know we still haven’t learned how to do if there’s one thing I hope I’m not doing in 10 years it’s saying like and subscribe fair okay don’t even bother you can subscribe but hopefully we’ll know I’m subscribed but no have you made it this far in the video and then you just signed unsubscribe that’s also weird that’s like bullying but yeah we’ll see you in the 20s oh my god
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