Holidays and Tradition

10 Top Tourist Attractions In Rome – Travel Video

Rome, the
city where hope springs eternal. It is a city that is proud of its ancient
glorious heritage, the centre of a civilization that once expanded its empire throughout Europe,
Africa and Asia. Rome is a city drenched in history and Christianity. First-time visitors may be easily overwhelmed
by all this magnificent city has to offer. After all, one can find history and art on
almost every street corner. That’s why visitors may want to do their
homework to narrow down what they want to see and do before they get on a plane bound
for the Italian capital. Number 10. Galleria Borghese. The Galleria Borghese is an art gallery that
was built as a party house by Cardinal Borghese in the 17th century. A nephew of Pope Paul V, the cardinal also
was a patron of the arts. The galleria today houses many pieces of paintings,
sculptures and other antiquities from his collection. Paintings by Titian, sculptures by Bernini,
and the National Museum of Musical Instruments can be seen here. Number 9. Piazza Navona. One of the most famous of Rome’s many squares,
Piazza Navona was established towards the end of the 15th century, and preserves the
shape of a Roman stadium that once stood here. The buildings surrounding the square stand
where the spectators once sat. Today, the square features no less than three
magnificent fountains and is an immensely popular place to sip a cappuccino, shop, and
watch street performers. Number 8. Castel Sant’Angelo. Castel Sant’Angelo was built to be a mausoleum
for the Emperor Hadrian and his family. Built in 123 BC, it later was turned into
a fortress and castle by the popes. It was once Rome’s tallest building. The ashes of other emperors were buried there,
but scattered when the Visigoths invaded in 410. It also served as a prison, but today the
castel is a museum. Among the most well known sights in Rome,
film buffs will recognize it as a setting from “Angels and Demons”. Number 7. Roman Forum. Located in the small valley between the Palatine
and Capitoline Hills, the Forum Romanum was for centuries the teeming heart of ancient
Rome: the site of triumphal processions and elections, venue for public speeches, and
commercial affairs. The Forum today is a sprawling ruin of architectural
fragments and includes the Arch of Titus and the Temple of Saturn. Number 6. Spanish Steps. A truly monumental stairway of 135 steps,
the Spanish Steps were built with French funds in the 18th century order to link the Bourbon
Spanish embassy to the Holy See below. The steps are usually very crowded, attracting
tourists as well as locals who use it as a gathering place. Each year in May the steps are decorated with
beautiful pink azaleas. At the foot of the Spanish Steps is the Piazza
di Spagna and a sober fountain designed by Bernini. Number 5. Trevi Fountain. Completed in 1762, this world famous Baroque
fountain features a mythological sculptural composition of Neptune, god of the sea, flanked
by two Tritons. It is so named on account of its position
at the junction of three roads; tre vie in Latin. The fountain was the setting for an iconic
scene in Fellini’s film Dolce Vita starring Anita Ekberg and Marcello Mastroianni. A legend says that one who throws a coin in
the fountain shall one day return to Rome. Number 4. Vatican Museums. The Vatican Museums began in the 16th century
with a collection of sculptures by Pope Julius II. Today, they encompass several museums inside
the Vatican City and include some of the world’s most important relics. Attractions of the museums include the spiral
staircase, the Raphael Rooms and the exquisitely decorated Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo painted the chapel ceiling between
1508 and 1512. Today the ceiling, and especially The Last
Judgment, are widely believed to be Michelangelo’s crowning achievements in painting. To keep the massive crowds under control,
the museums have 4 itineraries that range from one and a half hours to more than 5 hours. All itineraries end in the Sistine Chapel. Number 3. Pantheon. One of the best preserved Roman buildings,
The Pantheon was built in 126 AD as a temple for all the Roman gods. The temple has served as a Roman Catholic
Church since the 7th century. Eight graceful granite Corinthian columns
extend across the front of this circular building, with lesser columns in back. Though it is 2,000 years old, the Pantheon’s
famous dome remains the world’s largest unreinforced concrete dome. It is believed that Marcus Agrippa built the
Pantheon to be his private temple. The current building was reconstructed by
Emperor Hadrian in the second century. Number 2. St. Peter’s Basilica. The center of the Catholic world, the Basilica
of St. Peter is a huge church. With an interior height of 400 feet the space
shuttle, together with its booster rockets, could fit inside, as could the Statue of Liberty. The basilica stands on the traditional site
where Peter the apostle was crucified and buried. Construction on the current building began
in 1506 and was completed in 1615. Many famous artists worked on the complex
and its surroundings: Michelangelo designed the dome while Bernini designed the great
St. Peter’s Square. Number 1. Colosseum The Colosseum is another of Rome’s major
tourist attractions. Its construction was started by emperor Vespasian
of the Flavian dynasty in 72 AD and was finished by his son Titus in 80 AD. The elliptical amphitheater could hold up
to 50,000 people who turned out to watch gladiators do battle, people be publicly executed and
enjoy other forms of entertainment. This stone and concrete structure, built in
the first century, was the largest amphitheater in the Roman Empire. It is considered one of the Romans’ greatest
architectural and engineering feats.
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