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10 Most Impressive Monuments Of Ancient Egypt – Travel Video

One of the world’s greatest civilisations, the 
Ancient Egyptians ruled over the lower reaches   of the Nile for millennia. After a unified 
kingdom arose around 3100 BC, a series of   dynasties and pharaohs built ever-bigger pyramids 
and temples before falling to the Roman Empire   in 30 BC. Many of the massive monuments were 
dedicated to various deities or the pharaohs   themselves and were adorned with rich decorations. 
Such was the ingenuity and engineering prowess of   the Ancient Egyptians, that many of these amazing 
ancient monuments are still standing today. Number 10. Temple of Hatshepsut. Not far from the famed Valley of the Kings 
lies another of Egypt’s incredible ancient   sights; the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut. 
Located at the foot of towering cliffs that   rise dramatically above the desert floor is 
a massive, almost modern-looking monument.   Built for the female Pharaoh 
Hatshepsut who died in 1458 BC,   the temple boasts three layers of terraces, 
all of which are lined by colossal colonnades.   Once surrounded by lush gardens, they are 
connected by long ramps with well-preserved   and colourful reliefs of animals, plants 
and people alongside huge statues of Osiris. Number 9. Dahshur Pyramids. Set 25 miles or so to the south of Cairo 
is the royal necropolis that makes up the   Dahshur Pyramids. Although they receive 
considerably fewer visitors due to their   secluded setting in the Sahara, the pyramids 
are just as impressive as those of Giza.   While there are several other smaller 
pyramids and ruins nearby, the standout   sights are undoubtedly the Red Pyramid which 
dates to 2590 BC and the misshapen Bent Pyramid.   This is because the former is thought to be the 
first smooth-sided pyramid successfully built,   while the latter is a unique example of 
an even earlier but unsuccessful attempt. Number 8. Step Pyramid of Djoser. Not far to the north of the Dahshur Pyramids is 
the Step Pyramid of Djoser which was remarkably   the first monumental stone structure to be 
built by the Ancient Egyptians. Erected in   27th century BC for the Pharaoh Djoser, it lies 
at the heart of the sprawling Saqqara necropolis   with chapels and courts all around it. 
Due to its huge size and the ingenuity   of the engineering required to erect it, 
the step pyramid represents an astonishing   architectural achievement. Besides standing 
at 205 feet in height and having six steps,   it also contains burial chambers, galleries, 
and tunnels within its crumbling walls. Number 7. Edfu Temple. One of the best-preserved examples of Ancient 
Egypt’s engineering prowess is the extraordinary   Edfu Temple, which lies midway between Luxor 
and Aswan. Constructed in the Ptolemaic Kingdom,   between 237 and 57 BC, it boasts a 
breathtaking main entrance, as well as   intricately carved reliefs and hieroglyphics. 
As it is dedicated to Horus, numerous images   and statues of the falcon-headed deity can 
be found scattered around both its sanctuary   and surrounding chapels. Some spectacular 
scenes can also be spied on its walls. Number 6. Luxor Temple. Known as the ‘southern sanctuary’ to the 
Ancient Egyptians, the large Luxor Temple   complex lies on the banks of the Nile River 
in what was once the ancient city of Thebes.   Built around the year 1400 BC during the New 
Kingdom, it has exquisite architecture with superb   shrines, sphinxes, and statues wherever you 
look. Unlike many of the temples in Egypt,   Luxor Temple is not dedicated to a deity or 
pharaoh but the rejuvenation of kingship.   Consequently, it is thought that 
many pharaohs were crowned here   amidst its courts and colonnades that 
lend the site such gravitas and grandeur. Number 5. Great Sphinx. Located at the Giza Plateau, The Great Sphinx 
is one of the largest and oldest monuments in   the world, but basic facts about it, such as who 
was the model for the face, when it was built,   and by whom, are still debated. It is 
the largest monolith statue in the world   although it is considerably smaller 
than the Pyramids around it.   Despite conflicting evidence and viewpoints 
over the years, the traditional view held by   modern Egyptologists at large remains that the 
Great Sphinx was built in approximately 2500   BC by the pharaoh Khafre, the supposed 
builder of the second pyramid at Giza. Number 4. Valley of the Kings. The Valley of the Kings is a valley near 
Luxor where, for a period of nearly 500 years,   tombs were constructed for the pharaohs of the 
New Kingdom. The valley contains 63 tombs and   chambers, ranging in size from a simple pit to 
a complex tomb with over 120 chambers. The royal   tombs are decorated with scenes from Egyptian 
mythology and give clues to the beliefs and   funerary rituals of the period. All of the tombs 
seem to have been opened and robbed in antiquity.   Only the famous tomb of Tutankhamun was spared 
from the worst of the tomb depredations. Number 3. Abu Simbel. Counted amongst the most majestic monuments in 
Egypt, Abu Simbel consist of two massive rock   temples on the western bank of Lake Nasser. The 
twin temples were originally carved out of the   mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses 
The Great in the 13th century BC, as a lasting   monument to himself and his queen Nefertari. The 
complex was relocated in its entirety in the 1960s   to avoid their being submerged during 
the creation of Lake Nasser, the massive   artificial water reservoir formed after the 
building of the Aswan Dam on the Nile River. Number 2. Karnak. The Karnak Temple complex in Luxor, Egypt, is 
impressive due to its sheer size. Covering an   area that’s larger than most ancient 
cities, it’s dotted with temples,   obelisks, and shrines. It took over 2,000 
years to build and each Egyptian pharaoh   left their own architectural mark. 
Walk through the Avenue of Sphinxes   and discover the Great Hypostyle Hall. This 
enormous room filled with towering pylons and   solid sandstone columns is one of the most famous 
and photographed attractions of Ancient Egypt.   While you’re here, stop to admire the 
Sacred Lake and the nearby granite scarab. Number 1. Pyramids of Giza. Arguably the world’s most famous landmark, the 
Pyramids of Giza lie on the outskirts of Cairo,   looking out over the endless sands of the Sahara. 
The pyramids in Giza were built over the span   of three generations during the Fourth Dynasty 
of the Old Kingdom. The Great Pyramid of Khufu   is the oldest and sole remnant of the 
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.   The pyramid is an awe-inspiring 455 feet 
high making it the largest pyramid in Egypt,   although nearby Khafre’s Pyramid appears to be 
larger as it is build at a higher elevation.
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